There are more than 600 programming languages and the demand and popularity for each of them fluctuates every year. Due to the shift to more agile and flexible technologies, most companies use a mixture of multiple languages. However, Java still seems to be at the top of the list.
Java has been dethroned by the C programming language in the TIOBE index for June 2020. However, this is a general list of all languages which ignores the fact that each programming language is used for a specific purpose. If you take the niche of enterprise application development, you will notice that Java is in the lead.
In this article, we explain what makes Java the leader in enterprise application development. Developing enterprise applications is a complex task as many components need to be developed, implemented and integrated such as:
- business intelligence;
- Process management;
- computerized billing systems;
- content management;
- Integrated Management Software;
- form automation;
- online shopping;
- payment processing;
- sales force automation;
- and much more.
These applications are designed to meet specific requirements at the enterprise level. They are based on large volumes of data and use extensive parallel processing, distributed network resources and complex logic. They can run simultaneously on multiple platforms and with many other applications. They code business policies and rules and are created with specific requirements in mind. Therefore, these applications require special tools to meet the needs of businesses.
Reasons why Java is popular for enterprise application development
From big data to micro-services, Java application development can be a game-changer for unique business issues. Java enables the development of high-performance portable applications for a wide variety of platforms.
1. Common code easy to reuse
There is nothing more annoying than duplication. Java provides a cloning method that allows developers to reuse common lines of code as much as possible instead of rewriting the same code over and over. The common attributes between two objects within a class are shared so that developers can focus on creating other attributes. This is one of the main advantages of Java because it makes coding simple, fast and inexpensive.
2. The code is easy to understand and troubleshoot
Java is an object oriented programming language. Object-oriented programming is based on the principle of dividing the large program into smaller, easy-to-process parts called objects. The complex programming problems related to C and C ++, among other languages, can be easily avoided when coding in Java.
3. JRE makes Java independent
Java Runtime Environment (JRE) is part of the Java Development Kit (JDK). It contains a set of libraries and tools for developing java applications. After installing JRE on a computer, all of your Java programs will be ready. In addition to its ability to run smoothly on computers with different operating systems, JRE is compatible with mobile phones.
4. The Java API makes it versatile
The Java application programming interface (API) is rich and extensive. It contains a multitude of methods that can be used in any program. Java developers do not even need to have a lot of practical experience in each of them, a basic knowledge will be enough to be able to program in Java. In addition, developers can use open source libraries such as Google Guava, Gson, Apache POI or Apache Commons.
5. Used for IoT, machine learning and data science
Scala is one of the programming languages used to develop big data processing solutions and machine learning solutions. However, Scala is difficult to master, many developers in large companies use Java instead, because Scala is essentially built on Java Virtual Machine and goes well with Java.
In addition, experienced Java developers can easily learn Hive or Hadoop, which are the other flexible technologies used to work with the computer grid and machine learning. The Micro Edition of Java has also proven to be a practical and reliable platform for building applications based on IoT.
6. Allows you to run application software on all servers
When programming for a large company that uses a network of devices, the most difficult thing is to synchronize all the computers so that the application software works perfectly on all of them. Due to Java’s PATH and CLASSPATH environment variables, developers don’t have to worry about distributing application software across multiple servers.
7. Adaptable, solid and stable
The ability to run on different systems makes Java super adaptable. From high-end systems to powerful servers, through old-fashioned hardware and devices such as the Raspberry Pi which prioritize reliability and versatility over performance, Java works well in small and large environments. Due to the absence of general constraints and the ease with which Java can be used to create solid code, Java is often chosen for enterprise development.
8. Powerful source code editor
The integrated development environment provides great help in the development process. It saves a lot of time and energy, as well as building a coherent development process within a team or a company. Although IntelliJ IDEA, NetBeans and Eclipse are the most popular IDEs for enterprise java developers, there are many other IDEs that you can use according to your specifications.
9. Friendly language
The syntax is written in English, which makes it easier for learners to understand and memorize Java. For a novice developer, learning Java means going through two stages – learning the basics and mastering the advanced concepts. Also, if a developer is familiar with installing JDK and configuring Classpath, the rest is easy. If the developer has basic knowledge of C and C ++, developing Java skills will take less time.
10. Less expensive to develop
Many small and medium businesses need application development, but they don’t really have a big budget for it. Since Java is an open source language, almost all of the development tools can be downloaded for free. Another important thing to note is that there is no license cost involved when using Java. Because Java is free, it makes advanced Java development for enterprise applications profitable.
While many other technologies are emerging around us, Java remains solid and has tons of followers. If you are a company looking for enterprise application development, Java may be your right choice to start.